While military drones have been in use for more than a decade (the Predator UAV is one of the most well-known), ground forces are now regularly employing smaller, portable drones. Military spending on this technology is likely to increase as a percentage of overall military budgets, creating opportunities for specialized drone makers and software developers. According to the Center for the Study of Drone at Bard College, US military spending on drone technology has risen from slightly over $4 billion in 2014 to almost $9 billion in 2015. It is estimated that 95 countries around the world now have military drone technology, up from 60 just a decade ago. Unmanned ground vehicles, or UGVs, are still used by militaries to lead tactical initiatives, in addition to modern aerial technologies.
2: Emergency Response
The expanding use of drones has been influenced by advances in camera technology. Emergency response teams have found that UAVs equipped with thermal imaging cameras are an ideal tool for locating victims who are difficult to notice with the naked eye. Startup companies and colleges are also developing search and rescue solutions. Flyability has developed a collision-tolerant UAV that can operate in confined spaces with limited lines of sight, such as those experienced by emergency responders. In addition, Delft University of Technology has tested a defibrillator-delivery drone. Drones may be able to drastically enhance survival rates in both rural and urban locations around the world by expanding existing emergency infrastructure.
3. Humanitarian Aid & Disaster Relief
Drones have proven effective during natural disasters in addition to emergency response. UAVs have been used to survey the damage, locate victims, and bring relief in the aftermath of hurricanes and earthquakes. Drones were utilized in 2017 to assist in the restoration of power to areas impacted by Hurricane Harvey, as well as to evaluate flood damage and aid in search and rescue efforts. Surveillance drones equipped with thermal imaging cameras are being used to detect anomalous forest temperatures in order to better monitor and combat forest fires. As a result, teams can identify locations prone to forest fires or spot fires mere minutes after they start. In 2019, the Department of Defense issued an official request for drones that might be used to provide food and water to disaster victims during a natural disaster.
Scientists are using new technology and software to collect data in order to better understand the climate and forecast future changes in global weather systems. The majority of data is now acquired via fixed structures or geospatial imaging systems. Drones, on the other hand, provide a flexible option for tracking weather patterns as they evolve. Water-based unmanned surface vehicles (USVs) are revolutionizing the way data is collected, in addition to aerial aircraft.
Construction planning and management are some of the most prominent commercial use cases for drones. Developers have devised software that analyses building progress using data that is collected on a regular basis. While ground surveying is still an important aspect of construction planning and monitoring, drone data is becoming more prevalent. Throughout the construction process, cameras are utilized to monitor buildings and evaluate topography and soil type.
NaviATC is a drone air traffic management solution which is utilised to create a controlled airpspace in a region, enabling drone operation at a scale to the masses.