Current mobile networks can serve drones in low-altitude airspace, which appears to be an ideal match given that drones fly low and cell coverage over buildings, trees, and other obstacles is excellent. Specific performance advancements can optimize 4G or 5G connectivity for drones, allowing them to connect more effectively and efficiently while also maintaining the performance of mobile devices on the ground. UTM, BVLOS flights, and sensor data transmission are the three main requirements for connecting drones over 5G cellular communications.
Both the regulation of drone traffic and its integration with manned aircraft will be major problems in the near future in the drone ecosystem. Drones already pass through the airspace in huge numbers, and this number is expected to rise. It is critical to creating a fair and structured approach that controls drone traffic and integrates them into regulated airspace in order to fully leverage the potential of drones and enable prospective drone applications. As a result, aviation authorities all over the world have started projects to establish the laws of drone operation in order to address the safety concerns around commercial drone use. This includes requiring drone traffic management systems that are equivalent to manned aviation's air traffic control systems. For example, the FAA is currently defining Unmanned Aircraft Systems Traffic Management (UTM), while the European Union is developing a similar idea dubbed U-Space as a collaborative initiative. To improve the safety and security of drone operations, mobile networks are well adapted to handle low-altitude drone communication and to be linked with drone traffic management systems.
Current restrictions normally limit drone operations to low altitudes (below 120 meters or 400 feet) and within the visible line of sight of a human operator who is in constant control of the drone. Many drone applications, however, are only feasible when the drone is flown outside the pilot's visual line of sight or when it flies autonomously, which usually implies the platform is out of sight and out of control. Currently, drone radio remote control systems are based on specific radio connections or Wi-Fi with a limited range of usually under 3-5km or are programmed to fly off specific waypoints. Cellular networks, on the other hand, can provide connections over unlimited distances provided that the drone has cellular network coverage and can be controlled from basically anywhere in the world. A standardized cellular network with widespread coverage might provide comprehensive, high-quality, and secure communication, allowing drones to operate outside line of sight at a lower cost.
3: Transmission of Acquired Data (Sensor Data Transmission)
For some drone-based applications, it's critical that data be sent to ground stations other than the pilot's remote control station. This could be for a variety of reasons, including live broadcasting from the drone's camera or reducing data processing time. Because significant amounts of data are frequently transmitted, a data link with large and fast capacity is necessary, which might provide robust 5G network coverage. Conclusion Mobile networks have the potential to solve a number of difficulties facing the drone business, but they must be completely integrated into the ecosystem. Mobile communication modules must be installed on all drones, and 5G infrastructure must be in place. Although the technology has several advantages, it should be noted that there is no guarantee of complete coverage or bandwidth, and more testing is required. Mobile networks are now developed and optimized to serve consumers on the ground. Drones functioning as mobile terminals in airspace are likely to face new and unique issues.
NaviATC is a drone air traffic management solution which is utilised to create a controlled airpspace in a region, enabling drone operation at a scale to the masses.